Wine Regions of Argentina

Going The Distance

You’ve heard it said that “A little bit of knowledge is a dangerous thing,”…When it comes to wine, it’s a limiting thing, particularly, for our purposes here, wines from Argentina.  Limiting one’s exploration of a region’s vines will simply result in a myopic view of the country’s wines. And, sadly, the only one who loses in that equation is you.

Knowledge Equals Taste

In the next couple of paragraphs you will get a concise explanation of why there’s more to Argentina than Malbec. The intention is that you will be the richer – in taste, anyway – for it.

Argentine Native Vines

You won’t go wrong reaching for a Malbec, or even a Bonarda, from Argentina. You’ll also be in good hands reaching for a Torrontés from Salta or Mendoza, a Pinot Noir from Patagonia, and with some discernment you’re on safe ground with Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Syrah and Sauvignon Blanc.

“Wine talks about the people, the region, the country. It brings the country alive,” recently commented Ambassador Julio Miller, Consul General of Argentina to British Columbia, Ontario and several other Canadian Provinces, while he and his Chilean wife attended the Vancouver Playhouse International Wine Festival, where Wines from Argentina enjoyed much of the spotlight.

Argentina has been growing vines and making wines since the 16th century. To speak with some of the wineries and winemakers is to get a real sense of the entrenched tradition, of families whose names are synonymous with wine and wine making, and to feel how deeply rooted the wine culture is with the land and Argentina itself.

Surprisingly, it has really only been in the past 20 years that their export market has developed. Clean water from the Andes mountain range, the excellent Argentine climate of prevalent sunshine and little rainfall coupled with advanced technology and up-to-date vineyard management, make it not just the world’s fifth-largest wine producing region, but also a favorite among those with a discerning palate and critical clout alike.

Torrontés: 100% Argentinian

As a varietal, Argentina claims Torrontés as native. There are different theories about the grape’s origin, the commonly accepted one is that it developed as a combination of Muscat and Criolla Chica which is another Argentine native variety.

If Malbec is Argentina’s King, Torrontés is its Queen. “Torrontés is Gewurztraminer in sheep’s clothing,” commented Gismondi who moderated the Going For Gold panel at the recent Vancouver Playhouse International Wine Festival co-sponsored by Wines of Argentina. “It pairs well with fish, seafood, Thai, Pan-Asian, spicy cuisines,” he added, noting it is a good wine for B.C. and “drinks so well in Canada because it sounds like ‘Toronto.’” He added, reverting to a more serious note, that it also pairs well with empanadas from Salta, the northern-most wine growing region in Argentina as well as the spicier empanadas from Mendoza, Argentina’s main wine growing region, in the middle of the country.

Torrontés Is Not Gewurztraminer

Torrontés as a varietal is more elegant than a Gewurz; it is aromatic but dry in the mouth. It is a slightly suprising wine in that its nose, almost even as pungent as a Gewurztraminer, leads your mouth to expect a splash of sweet, when in fact what you get is a dry, full-flavor profile that is light, elegant and reminiscent of white peaches and roses, even in some instances, geraniums. It is a golden-hued wine, sometimes with a hint of green light, and can be described as “pure fruit salad.”

Much of it is grown in the provinces of Mendoza and La Rioja and is called, respectively, Torrontes Mendocino and Torrontes Riojano. The province to watch for Torrontés, is Salta. Grown at an elevation of nearly 2,000 meters, it is one of the highest wine growing regions in the world. It works because they have so much sunshine. As a point of reference, Salta is at about 23 degrees S. latitude, Mendoza at about 33 degrees S. latitude, and La Rioja is between the two. Argentina is a very big country, spread north to south.

Luigi Bosca, one of Argentina’s oldest winemaking families.

To try: Luigi Bosca, Finca La Linda, Torrontés, ’09. Luigi Bosca is one of the oldest names in Argentine wines. Vineyards were planted in 1901 by the great grandfather of Alberto Arizu who currently oversees the winery and also sits at the head of Wine Industry, Argentina. This wine captured gold this year. Torrontés is a varietal they’ve been making wine from only since ’06. “It wasn’t an easy decision for us to go as far as Salta,” said Arizu recently. “We put all of our name, history on this grape. We see it has a promising future. The consumer is looking for simpler wines, a purer sense of the flowers. We now produce 25,000 bottles of this a year. We want to show to the world the uniqueness of this grape.” Notes: White peach, roses. $13.99 special order

O. Fournier Winery in Mendoza, Argentina

O. Fournier Urban Uco Torrontés ’09. Proprietor Jose Manuel Ortega, a relative newcomer to winemaking and a Spanish transplant to Argentina, grows his grapes in the Uco Valley in the Region of Cuyo just west of Mendoza. “I got into the wine business because everyone has the right to waste their money as they see fit,” he’ll tell you, explaining that he was once a Wall Street investment banker. He names his vintages after the stars of the Southern Cross Constellation. His wife, a chef (now), runs the beautiful “Urban Restaurant” at their winery in Uco Valley, Mendoza. “Gewurz at 1/3 the price.”

Salta is in the Northernmost part of Argentina.

Bodegas Etchart, Etchart Cafayate Reserve Torrontés, ’09 The Etchart name is synonymous with Torrontés as a varietal. As a wine in Argentina, Torrontés was “seeded by” Bodegas Etchart. They will tell you that it is the only varietal that originated in Argentina and this has been authenticated by UC Davis. Their vines are at least 60 years old; they’ve been growing in the Cafayate area of Salta in the North, which is “close to the Tropic of Capricorn,” for generations, explained Viktor. The Etchart family has 200 hectares of Torrontés under cultivation, and believes that this wine “will be successful for Argentina in the future.” Notes: Light, elegant; tame nose; rose, grapefruit, citrus, lime; $16.95 special order

Special Exploration

For further exploration, keeping with whites from Argentina, Bodegas Trapiche, Finca Las Palmas Chardonnay, Trapiche Single Vineyard Viña Federico Villafañe, ’07. This golden-hued, light, crisp wine was 100% barrel fermented. My taste buds sparked to it even before Gismondi and Robinson both declared it “a sensational wine.” Trapiche is a name in Argentine Wine that dates to 1883. Their winery is located in Uco Valley in Mendoza which is 1,000 meters above sea-level. Their winemaker, Daniel Pi, said that “in ’07, we reinvented the Chardonnay in the winery.” Notes: fruit-forward, minerality, toasted bread; $22.99 special order

Try their Chardonnay ’07!

Vina Dona Paula Los Cardos, Sauvignon Blanc, ’09 “Best Sauvignon Blanc from Argentina.” These grapes are thriving at the high altitude of Uco Valley. They get 300 days of sun. The winemaker begins his harvesting a bit earlier, does a cold fermentation and then straight to the bottle. 2002 was their first vintage. Notes: blackberry, blueberry, violets; $13.99

Winery with inn attached. Bodega Vistalba.

Bodega Vistalba Progenie Brut Nature NV This bubbly is full of “new energy, new ideas,” said winemaker Carlos, hence its name “progenie” which refers to the progeny of the winery’s original winemaker, whose children created this celebratory vintage in honor of his 90th birthday. They produced it in ’05, did a second fermentation in ’06. It is a blend of 60% pinot noir, 40% chardonnay and it was made using traditional champenoise method. It is good to note that Bodega Vistalba operates a Relais Chateau designated restaurant and inn on their winery property in Mendoza; they also offer a Progenie Extra Brut that’s equally as delightful. $54.99 special order

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